The Western governments are carrying out military campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), mainly by drones, intelligence and assisting Iraqi and semi-autonomous Kurdish government northern Iraq.
|ISIS controlled area in Syria and Iraq, The Economist|
Since then, the National Coalition did not sell a single barrel and the Ministry of Energy, affiliated with the coalition and located in Gaziantep, Turkey, was not able to fill any tank of Syrian oil found at the gates of the close-by Syrian city of Tal Abyad. This is where the oil is transported and refined to the account of Syrian, Arab and foreign emirs of the war and jihad. Then, it is sold to Turkish companies.
According to oil experts, compared with Iraqi oil reserves, the production of 380,000 barrels per day of Syrian oil is not a tempting offer, nor enough of an excuse to wage a war. However, Syrian oil has been and is still playing a role behind the scenes, especially in eastern Syria where it is mainly produced.The Western axis closed eyes on oil trafficking and piracy as long as these al-Qaeda affiliated groups carry out unmerciful fight against the Syrian regime. However, ISIS has eventually extended their controlled zones in Iraq. They controlled Sunni-inhabited regions at the beginning, and wove an alliance with pro-Saddam Baathist fighters led by Ezzat Eddouri. Afterwards, they controlled Mosul in the north and attacked Yazidis's stronghold in Sinjar.
The West does not need the Syrian oil. But the domestic war machine needs it. Meanwhile, the Islamic caliphate is expanding and seeking to reunite the jihad, banners, wells and tribes, after they were scattered. This reunification is one of the main elements of the jihadist fight between brothers on both sides of the Euphrates, and of the attack of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s “Kharijites” against the “apostates” of Jabhat al-Nusra leader Abu Muhammad al-Golani, in their bastion Shuhail. The former had chased off the latter from the eastern and western countryside of Deir ez-Zor. The Kharijites of Baghdadi entered Abu Kamal, besieged the opposition’s neighborhood in the heart of Deir ez-Zor, while they were at crossfire with the Syrian army on the other side of the besieged area.